Kiev Ukriane History
Welcome to the second part of our series about the history of Kiev, the country of Ukraine and its people.
Kiev is situated on a hilly terrain overlooking the flowing Dnieper River on both sides and is also known as the mother of all Russian cities. In 1362 it was annexed by the Grand Duke of Lithuania Algirdas and in 1471 became the capital of the Ukrainian Empire, a prosperous Eastern Slavic state. The Ukrainian hetmanate was gradually subjugated by Moscow, and Poland recognized its independence from the Russian Empire in the 14th century.
The Ukrainians founded the Rada National Council, which in January 1918 announced the secession of Ukraine from Russia. The episode ended in August 1920, when the Red Army completed its conquest of the whole of Ukraine and the crisis exacerbated ethnic divisions. By contrast, eastern Ukrainians are now more receptive to the idea of secession from Ukraine, and behave as if the crisis is Kiev's fault, and that Russia should have at least equal status with Ukrainians in their region. In October 1918, a referendum was held to declare independence of Ukraine, with a majority voting for independence and a minority voting against.
In Ukraine, too, it has been argued that Russia has nothing to do with the history of Kiev's Rus. So Kiev now claims in its official historical account that it was a proto-Ukrainian state in which today's Ukrainians occupied the core territory of that ancient country.
But for Ukrainian nationalists, Donbass is also an important part of Russia's history, and not just Ukraine's. Russia's leaders seem to be deeply rooted in their leaders "minds that Ukraine is not a country, but a country A historical and part of Russia. This is illustrated by the new term "Ukraine - Russia," which is intended to demonstrate the link between Ukraine's ancient history and its present-day statehood. Crimea became part of Ukraine in 1954 and has been the subject of a dispute between it and Russia ever since.
The Ukrainian language from which Kiev is derived has recently been adopted by a number of world heavyweights to replace Russian, Kiev with roots. The Ukrainian version of "Kiev" has become accepted and is the most widely used spelling of the city. Kiev is home to the University of Kiev, founded in 1834, which is located in the heart of the Ukrainian capital and is the second largest city in Europe after Moscow. It is also the location of one of the most important universities in Russia, the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.
The Yudin Collection includes Ukrainian ethnology, which is treated by the same author as Obychai, and the history of Ukraine. Also in this collection is the "History of the Ukrainian National Republic of Kiev," published in 1919 by the Government of the Ukrainian National Republic in Kiev. Departments oriented on Ukraine, the history of Russia, Ukraine and Russia - Ukraine in Russia and Ukraine.
What follows is a report on how Ukraine has become Ukraine in 1,300 years of history, as depicted by Washington Post cartographer Gene Thorp. Sviatoslav was the exiled brother of the King of Ukraine and leader of a rebel group that, under the command of his uncle, the King of Russia, had taken Kiev from the Russian Empire.
The special Varangers who occupied Kiev were led by Oleg of Novgorod and were known as Rus, but the term Kievan Rus was coined by historians only in the 19th century. After the conquest of Kiev, he united the two population centers that later became the Rus: the city of Kiev and the city of Odessa.
The ethnonym Rus was the most important self-description of Ukraine until the 17th century, when the term Ukraine appeared again in documents. The concept of "Ukraine" as a country arose from the history of the Rus, a powerful state that ruled much of what is now Ukraine between the 9th and 13th centuries.
Kiev benefited from Soviet policies and suffered greatly from the Great Famine of the early 1930s, which decimated it and the rest of Ukraine.
As Kiev was rebuilt and liberated, Kharkiv's importance diminished as it became the capital of Soviet Ukraine in 1920 and the city began to flourish. Bolshevik control passed from Kiev to Kiev, with both cities declared capitals of independent Ukraine in 1917 and fighting taking place during the Russian Revolution. When the German army invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, Kiev was now the "capital" of Soviet Ukraine, while it was now the capital of an independent nation of Ukraine. In November 1944, the Soviets liberated Ukraine from October and then annexed the western region of Transcarpathian.
The slow collapse of Kiev's Rus created the Halykh region in the territory formerly controlled by Kiev, and it proved to be one of Ukraine's most important political and economic centers during the Cold War.