Kiev Ukriane Culture
When I first heard about Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, I heard a lot about the coffee culture craze in the city, but not many people mentioned that it had a much greater impact on the culture of the country than it did here. Last year's Kiev Biennial, the School of KyIV, was called to reach a wider audience and to contribute to bringing Ukrainian culture into the 21st century.
Ukrainian Protestantism and Judaism, including Hasidism, have a long history of conflict between the right and left sectors of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Ukraine. Russian Church, they are tirelessly promoting the same thing and telling us that there was a civil war in Ukraine between Nazis and the Right Sector.
Russia's imperial authorities have systematically persecuted the expression of Ukrainian culture and have continuously tried to suppress the Ukrainian language. Ukrainians have resisted this policy by developing their own language, culture, religion, and political system.
If you want to visit a more modern city, head to Lviv, which is a five-hour train ride from Kiev. For them, you can take a bus, train or taxi to one of the largest cities in Ukraine, such as Donetsk or Luhansk, and then drive to the city of Kiev or even to the capital of the Ukrainian Republic of Donetsk in the east. For those who want to visit a city that is a few hundred years old, one or two centuries old, or one and a half decades old, and one to two hundred and fifty years old, then take a bus or train to a city like Kiev or another city in eastern Ukraine that is, for example, on a five-hour train in Kiev.
Note that while Lviv is undoubtedly cosmopolitan, it is also known as a hotbed of Ukrainian nationalism.
Soviet influence here is appalling for some people, but it is an important part of it. Ukrainian culture refers not only to the culture of the people living in Ukraine, but also to Ukraine as a whole and its history.
Two major processes frame Euromaidan and the subsequent transformation of Ukrainian society. These changes are part of a process that is fundamentally linked to the war, annexation and displacement in Ukraine, and the development of culture in formerly forgotten regions. The art and culture of Donbass not only deals with war issues, but also conveys parts of its culture that are not generally acknowledged or appreciated in "Ukrainian society" as a whole. Ukrainian culture has become a central aspect of the Ukrainian cultural scene.
In the last 300 years, when their language was banned during the Russification of Ukraine, much of the oral history was lost. Hunger has destroyed the ability of farmers to preserve their language, culture and traditions, as well as their livelihoods.
Ukrainian language and culture and is one of the most important sources of cultural diversity in eastern Ukraine. A recent European Commission study on the completion of the eastern border of the USSR shows that ethnic Ukrainians on the territory of eastern Ukraine, including the now contested territories, outnumber ethnic Russians by more than two to one.
Depending on where you are in Ukraine, you will probably hear one or both of them and notice it in the language. Kiev is becoming more and more Ukrainian, and although undoubtedly cosmopolitan, Lviv is also known to be a haven of Ukrainian nationalism.
It was founded at the beginning of the 5th century and flourished as an East Slavic state. Four centuries later, it became one of the most important cities in Ukraine and the capital of its own state, and the birthplace of modern Ukraine, the country's second largest city after Kiev.
Full independence came with the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, and since then Ukraine's external relations have been dominated by the Russian Federation, which displeased many Ukrainians, especially those in Ukraine's eastern regions, such as Donetsk and Luhansk.
The idea that Ukraine is not a country, but a historic part of Russia, is deeply ingrained in the minds of Russia's leaders. Russia has a long history of military intervention in Ukraine and other parts of the world, but the intervention in Ukraine has unleashed a new wave of anti-Russian sentiment in Russia, and much has been done to define perceived differences between Ukrainians and Russians more clearly than ever before. Ukraine seems to be a different country from Russia in many ways in terms of political, economic and cultural relations. There seems to be a strong feeling of resentment towards Russia because it is not as strong in its relations with Ukraine as it is in Ukraine, as well as because of the annexation of Crimea and the invasion of Ukraine.
It is no coincidence that since 2014, the international attitude to the debate between Kiev and Kiev has undergone a radical change, not only in terms of political and economic relations, but also in terms of cultural relations.